Arkansas State Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan

The Statewide Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan will address state policies related to bicycling and walking, as well as the development of roads, trails, sidewalks and other infrastructure that serve pedestrians and bicyclists. Plan activities include data gathering, outreach to the public and regional and local governments, development of a preliminary bicycling network, training for transportation engineering staff, and development of road design guidance.

Why a Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan

Bicycle and pedestrian safety is a key component of the State?s overall transportation safety goals which are focused on a path toward zero deaths. In the U.S., the state of the practice for providing for bicycle and pedestrian travel has evolved considerably since 1998, when the first Bicycle and Pedestrian Master Plan for the State of Arkansas was developed. A comprehensive planning process will allow AHTD to incorporate updated policies and best practices into its ongoing road construction and maintenance programs and supporting role for public transit services. Moreover, Federal transportation law requires states to address bicycling and walking in their long range transportation plans as well as capital improvement budgets.
 
Increasing numbers of Arkansans have embraced bicycling and walking for transportation as well as recreational and health purposes. Trails and greenways throughout the State have become extremely popular destinations for people of all ages and abilities. Recreational cyclists from within and outside of the state are traveling to Arkansas to enjoy the healthy outdoors, scenic beauty, southern hospitality, and often low traffic environments.
 
Developing strategies to maintain and expand safe places to bicycle and walk, safe places for those who are physically challenged, and safe routes to schools, parks, shopping and jobs, will be an important component of the Plan.

Guiding the Plan

Two advisory groups have been assembled for the purpose of guiding the development of the Plan.
 
Governor's Bicycle Advisory Group (GBAG) - In 2012, in response to Governor Beebe’s request, the advisory group listed below was formed to identify strategies to improve Arkansas’ score in the League of American Bicyclists Bicycle Friendly State survey.
 
Letter from Scott Bennett, Director of Highways and Transportation to Governor Beebe regarding state ranking by League of American Bicyclists.

Members

Name Title Agency
Scott E. Bennett Director Arkansas Department of Transportation
Richard Davies Director Arkansas State Parks and Tourism
Colonel Stan Witt Director Arkansas State Police
Ken Jones Director Arkansas Commission on Law Enforcement Standards and Training
Dr. Nate Smith Director and State Health Officer Arkansas Department of Health
Jon Moran Special Assistnat for Agency and Legislative Affairs Office of Governor Mike Beebe

Arkansas Bicycle Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) - In June 2012, the Arkansas Highway Commission adopted Minute Order 2012-058 that authorized AHTD to update the 1998 Arkansas State Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation Plan. The Department, in conjunction with the other agencies included in the Governor?s Bicycle Advisory Group formed a Bicycle Pedestrian Transportation Advisory Committee with both public and private stakeholder to assist AHTD in the development of the Plan.

Members

Name Agency
Leesa Freasier Arkansas Department of Health – Physical Activity and Nutrition
John Mathis AHTD - Maintenance
Joe Jacobs Arkansas State Parks and Tourism – Marketing and Revenue
Bridget White Arkansas State Police – Highway Safety Office
Andy Brewer AHTD – Transportation Planning and Policy
Dianne Morrison Frontier Metropolitan Planning Organization
Marsha Guffey Jonesboro Metropolitan Planning Organization
John McLarty Northwest Arkansas Regional Planning Commission
Alan Morrison Texarkana Metropolitan Planning Organization
Robert Tucker Tri-Lakes Metropolitan Planning Organization
Casey Covington Metroplan
Larry Reynolds Southeast Arkansas Regional Planning Commission
Eddie Brawley West Memphis Metropolitan Planning Organization
Tim McKuin Arkansas Statewide Bicycle Advocacy Group
Alan Ley Bike Bentonville
Duston Morris Bicycle and Pedestrian Advisory Board - Conway
Charlie Hart Member-at-Large
Patrick Barron Bike Friendly Retailer
Mechelle Winslow Arkansas Coalition for Obesity Prevention
Don Zimmerman Arkansas Municipal League
Blake Martin Bike Friendly Employer
Judy Lansky Bicycle Advocacy of Central Arkansas
Todd Ake  Conway Advocates for Bicycling
Paxton Roberts Bike/Walk Arkansas
Michael Sprague Arkansas State Department of Parks and Tourism






































Plan Progress

Approximate Timeline

Fall 2013 Winter 2014 Spring 2014 Summer 2014

Fall 2014 -
Winter 2015

  1. Project Kick-Off
  2. Gather existing conditions data
  3. Develop public outreach plan
  1. Establish Statewide Technical Advisory Group
  2. Launch website
  3. Schedule public and stakeholder outreach meetings
  4. Assess existing conditions
  1. Conduct 4 public workshops around the state
  2. Conduct local stakeholder work sessions
  3. Compile and map input
  1. Gather input from AHTD District staff
  2. Develop Draft Plan recommendations
  1. Provide training to AHTD Staff
  2. Draft Plan development and stakeholder reviews
  3. Present final Plan to Governor's Bicycle Advisory Group and the public
       

(We are here)



























Reports and Downloadable Content

Click to review the communications plan for the Arkansas Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan.

Stakeholder Meetings

Meeting  Meeting Date Participants Meeting Notes
Pine Bluff Area  March 31, 2014 Agency Staff from Pine Bluff Area Notes
MetroPlan Staff April 1, 2014 MetroPlan Staff and agency staff  Notes
MetroPlan Local Elected Officials April 1, 2014 Local elected officials and Agency staff Notes
MetroPlan Member Agency Staff and Community Partners April 1, 2014 Agency staff from MetroPlan Notes
University of Arkansas - Little Rock April 2, 2014 Staff from University of Arkansas and AHTD Staff Notes
University of Central Arkansas  April 3, 2014 Staff from University of Central Arkansas and AHTD Staff Notes
City of Conway and Faulkner County Officials April 3, 2014 City and County Staff Notes
Northwest Arkansas Regional Planning Commission Staff April 3, 2014 Agency Staff Notes
Northwest Arkansas Trails Advisory Council April 3, 2014 Local Participants and AHTD Staff Notes
Active Transportation Committee April 4, 2014 Local Stakeholders Notes
University of Arkansas (Razorback Transit) April 4, 2014 University Staff and AHTD Staff Notes
Jonesboro / Craighead County Agency Staff May 8, 2014 Agency Staff  Notes
Jonesboro / West Memphis Area Elected Officials May 8, 2014 Local Elected Officials and AHTD Staff Notes
Jonesboro Area Community Stakeholders  May 8, 2014 Local Stakeholders and AHTD Staff Notes
Fort Smith Area Agency Staff May 19, 2014 Local Agency Staff and AHTD Staff Notes
Fort Smith Community Stakeholders  May 19, 2014 Local Stakeholders and AHTD Staff Notes
Texarkana Area Staff and Elected Officials May 21, 2014 Texarkana Area Staff and Elected Officials Notes
Texarkana Advocates and Community Representatives  May 22, 2014 Texarkana Advocates and Community Representatives  Notes

Magnolia / El Dorado / Camden Area Stakeholders and Elected Officials

May 21, 2014 Elected Officials and Local Stakeholders Notes
Hot Springs Area Agency Staff May 22, 2014 Agency Staff Notes
Hot Springs Elected Officials May 22, 2014 Local Elected Officials Notes
Hot Springs Advocates  May 22, 2014 Local Advocates and AHTD Staff Notes
Mountain View City Staff and Advocates May 29, 2014 Local Agency Staff and Advocates Notes
Batesville White River PDD Staff May 29, 2014 Local Agency Staff Notes
Batesville Area Elected Officials May 29, 2014 Local Elected Officials Notes
















































Bicycle Demand Analysis

As of 2014 there are over 16,000 miles of state roadway in the Arkansas transportation network. With that many miles of roadway the most practical and feasible approach to improving the bicycle network is to focus efforts on areas that will most benefit bicyclists. Mapping locations that will likely attract bicycling can help transportation professionals prioritize. Developing a bicycling demand analysis map will help in this process.

Many factors influence a bicyclist’s choice regarding where to ride including the safety and comfort of riding conditions and the proximity to desirable destinations.  To create a demand analysis map, various data representing both conditions and destinations are given weighted values. When the combined demand of all factors are calculated and then mapped, areas with overlapping demand can be mapped in a color range showing the intensity of demand.  The maps presented here use blue for low demand, yellow for medium, and red for high.

Using the Preliminary Transportation Demand map as an example, areas that have high employment and population densities and large numbers of utilitarian destinations will appear as yellow, orange or red on the map.

For this project, two maps were made; one to show bicycling demand for transportation purposes and another to show demand for recreational bicycling. The Transportation Demand map uses demand factors oriented to bicycle use for commuting and daily transportation. The Recreational Demand map uses factors that attract recreational and longer distance cyclists. Demand maps are labeled ?preliminary? because additional data for some of the demand factors will be collected over the course of the project, and so the final analysis will change.

Statewide Preliminary Transportation Demand


Regional Map File Sizes ~ 2.5MB, may take a few moments to load

Northwest Preliminary Transportation Demand


Central Preliminary Transportation Demand

South Preliminary Transportation Demand

This map shows relative demand for utilitarian bicycling. Demand is calculated by assigning weights to various factors that utilitarian cyclists consider when determining where to ride, including the proximity to destinations accessed on a regular basis, like jobs, shopping centers, schools, parks, retail shopping districts, etc. It also considers overall population and employment density, and presence of major trails as standard predictors of transportation demand.

Demand weights are assigned to each factor, based upon their power to attract numbers of riders or the importance cyclists attribute to them in their overall decision to make a trip by bicycle. The factors, geographic extent of each dataset, and weights are shown in the table below.

Factors Extent of the Data Demand Weighting
Population Density Statewide 20
Employment Density Statewide 20
Colleges/Universities 43 Colleges and Universities Statewide 16
Select Shopping Centers 34 Kroger Grocery Stores and 100 Walmart Stores Statewide 12
Trails of Statewide Significance 3 Trails, 54 Total Miles 10
Existing Paved Shoulders on State Roads 1,186 Miles 8
Private/Public Schools (K-12) 1,290 Schools Statewide 6















Statewide Preliminary Recreation Demand


Regional Map File Sizes ~ 2.5MB, may take a few moments to load

Northwest Preliminary Recreation Demand


Central Preliminary Recreation Demand

South Preliminary Recreation Demand

This map shows relative demand for recreational bicycling. Demand weights are assigned to each factor based upon their power to attract numbers of recreational bicyclists or the importance recreational cyclists attribute to them in their overall decision of where to make a recreational bicycle trip. Factors affecting recreational trip locations include the safety and comfort of riding conditions, the scenery and environment one passes through, and the attractions and services that are present along the way.

The factors, geographic extent of each dataset, and weights are shown in the table below.

Factors Extent of the Data Demand Weighting
Trails of Statewide Significance 3 Trails, 54 Total Miles 18
Recreational Bike Routes 43 routes, 2,222 Total Miles 18
Scenic Byways 9 Byways, 1,225 Total Miles 16
Parks, Forests, and Natural Lands 5,696,740 acres 14
Museums 103 Statewide 10
Campgrounds 281 Statewide 10
Historic Sites 3,384 Statewide 4













The purpose of these maps is to help state highway officials and staff better understand which parts of the state are likely to receive the most bicycling activity, and thus which state roads would be best to upgrade with improved conditions for bicycling.





 

 

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